Scientifically referred to as Eudorcas thomsonii, the Thomson’s gazelle is named after Explorer Joseph Thomson belonging to the Eudorcas genus and is common in the region of East Africa where it is explored on East Africa Safari tours.
described by Albert Gunther a British zoologist in the year 1884, the
Thomson Gazelle belongs to Bovidae family and is known to be the world’s
second fastest animal reaching a speed of 50miles per hour.
gazelle is a relatively small rising between 55 – 22cm at shoulder
height and stretching between 20 – 35kg in weight though females can be
10kg lesser. The length of Thomson’s gazelle from head to body is 80 –
120cm. They are marked with white rings surrounding the eyes, rufous
stripes that run from horns to the nose, black stripes that run from the
corner of the eye to the nose, light forehead and dark patch on the
nose as viewed on Kenya Tanzania Safaris and Tours.
The male Thomson’s gazelles feature preorbital glands close to the eyes
that are utilised for scent marking territory. Horns are present in
both sexes and can stretch to 25 – 43cm among males and 7 – 15cm in
Thomson’s gazelle thrives in the savannah and grassland
habits of Africa but majorly on the Serengeti Mara Ecosystem shared by
Kenya and Tanzania. They prefer short grassland areas but can as well
migrate into dense woodland and tall grassland. Thomson gazelles are
mixed feeders that consume majorly fresh grasses in the wet season and
more browse especially foliage from bushes in the dry season as explored
on Africa Safari holidays in Tanzania and Kenya.
gestation period of Thomson gazelles is 5 – 6 months and can produce
two times a year with 1 – 2 fawns on each birth. Their lifespan is 10 –
15 years in the wilderness and because of their speed; they are majorly
prone to Tanzanian cheetahs which can also run fast. Other predators
take advantage of young and vulnerable adult gazelles.