Described as the form of travel to natural areas with the intention of learning, studying or engaging in activities that attempt to minimize the environmental negative effects and empower the host communities, eco tourism is one of the categories of Uganda Safari tours that has been steadily gaining ground in the recent years.
the 1990s, the destination Uganda started to look out for the possible
avenues through which mass tourism and its negative effects would be
minimized to ensure sustainable tourism development. activities such as
guided nature walk, bird watching, Mountain Gorilla trekking, canoeing,
Chimpanzee trekking, community walks and Mountain hiking were
increasingly sold to travelers on safaris in Uganda.
in turn diversified the traditional tourism which majorly featured
classic wild game viewing in tour Vehicles in the National Parks. By
widening the scope, the interests of various world travellers have been
catered for, the trickling down of the tourism revenue has increased and
the conservation of natural resources along with cultural preservation
has been encouraged.
Uganda now features a range of eco-tourism
sites including the ten (10) National Parks like Bwindi Impenetrable and
Mgahinga National Parks where gorilla trekking in Uganda is
carried out, Lake Mburo, Kidepo Valley, Murchison Falls and Queen
Elizabeth National Parks where game viewing is conducted and Kibale,
Mount Rwenzori, Mount Elgon and Semuliki Valley National Parks. Other
eco-tourism sites include; National forest reserves like Budongo,
Kalinzu and Mabira, Game reserves, protected wetlands and community
wetlands like Bigodi wetland sanctuary which is the leading
eco-community initiative in destination Uganda.
The development of eco-tourism has enabled even the ecologically fragile areas to open up for Uganda tours since
the visitor impact is keenly managed. Efforts like limiting the visitor
capacity per day have been considered for the sake of gorilla trekking
and chimpanzee trekking, trails have been well set for forest, wetland
and Mountain hikes to avoid vegetation trampling among others.