Sunday, 25 November 2012

UGANDA HAS THREE QUARTERS OF MOUNTAIN GORILLAS IN THE WORLD.

UGANDA HAS MORE MOUNTAIN GORILLAS IN THE WORLD.

The mountain gorilla -one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla, has two populations. On a Uganda gorilla safari you will see one found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa but within three National Parks namely; Mgahinga in south-west Uganda, Volcanoes in north-west Rwanda; and Virunga Mt in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The other specie is found in Uganda’s great


Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Uganda gorilla safaris
It is clear to all primatologists that the Uganda Gorillas in Bwindi may be a separate subspecies, though no description has been finished.
These apes,-Mountain gorillas are proven descendants of ancestral monkeys and other African and Arabian during the start of the Oligocene epoch (34-24 m years ago). This fossil record provides evidence of the hominid primates (apes) found about 18–22 m years ago in East Africa. The fossil record of the area where mountain gorillas live is particularly poor therefore its evolutionary history is not clear. It was about 9 million years ago that the group of primates that were to evolve into gorillas split from their common ancestor with humans and chimps; this is when the genus Gorilla emerged.
Records show that by spring 2010, the estimated total number of mountain gorillas worldwide was 790.Uganda has more that half of this World`s Gorilla population.
Today Uganda the pearl of Africa has registered the biggest number of mountain Gorillas giving tourists that trek these mountain gorillas in Uganda higher chances of seeing them on their mountain gorilla treks or safaris.
Mountain gorilla safari
According to a census that was based on Bwindi Impenetrable National Forest which is home to most of these wild life species.
A follow up has been made since 2002 registering 320 Mountain Gorillas in this census.In 2006 another but similar census registered 340 Mountain Gorillas and amazingly recently in 2012 the number of these great apes has risen to 400 Gorillas which covers the biggest percentage of the total number of gorillas in the world.
Despite this great wild life achievement, these great but shy apes are faced with a variety of challenges such as; competition for space due to congestion being conditioned to one space in spite of their increment in number yet their space of dwelling remains constant.This problem is very evident when these Mountain Gorillas get out of the forest directly bumping into peoples gardens and homes.
Uganda gorilla safaris Rwanda gorilla safarisThis not only causes destruction of crops but rather also endanger these Ugandan Mountain Gorillas lives as they many times attract diseases from people and in turn spread them t o people else where if there is contact. Among these diseases are; influenza, scabies, Ebola. Ma-burg just to mention a few.Once the infected Mountain Gorillas get back to their groups in the forest, they are likely to spread the diseases to fellow group members.
Baby gorilla feeding gorillaDespite the several challenges to the growth in numbers of Uganda`s Mountain Gorillas, having their numbers increasing in Uganda to this magnitude has made Uganda a remarkable Gorilla safari spot and the best tourist destination in Africa and the world at large.

Wednesday, 14 November 2012

AN ANTELOPE DIED IN BUSITEMA LAST MONTH



AN ANTELOPE CAME 460 KM FROM MURCHISON FALLS AND DIED IN BUSITEMA

Last month a rear incidence happened to some Ugandans that were heading to Tororo, when their car hit and killed an antelope that speed into the road at a corner near Busitema forest.
 Antelopes
I term this rear because Busitema is occupied mostly by baboons as witnessed by tourists that have had a safari to Uganda in this place, making an antelops encounter as rare as seeing a wild ostrich crossing a road in such a wildlife territory.
What came to the minds of those that had hit it, was what this animal was running away from? Could it be that it was being chased by a leopard! It would definitely turn to them as they were stranded by the roadside.
However the big question is where was this antelope coming from?could it be that it was being transported by Uganda Wildlife Authority and it escaped from the truck but honestly its most likely that it came from Murchison National Park!
 Antelopes
There is a distance of 460 kilometers between Murchison falls National Park and the spot where this antelope fatefully got killed as it‘s the only place that touches a corridor that would lead it to Busitema.it might have left the park in a group, traveling along the bushy banks of lake Kyoga having water to drink moving through Busoga which lead it here.
This story indicates how severe the pressure on the wildlife natural habitat is.  Antelopes
The Ugandan figures in this regard don’t look good as up to 50% of Uganda’s forest cover has been lost since 1970 and it is estimated that the country will run out of fuel wood by 2025 yet 95%of the total population fully depend, partially or occasionally on charcoal stoves.If this goes on like this wild animals will have no place to hide in Uganda.The Institute of Zoology also explains the catastrophic loss of some species such as the crowned or crested cranes by 60% since 1970,a third of the fish species in Lake Victoria and 90% of the once famous Kampala bats have too disappeared.The institute also notes the notable increase of the Marabou stocks in most Kampala City currently a common bird species viewed by birders on the famous Uganda safari-the Kampala tour.
Fortunately to sustain Uganda safaris, the Museveni government has reduced on the extreme poaching in Murchison National Park that occurred during Idi Amin’s rule in 1970 as well as Obote II Government.The main interest these days is no longer on animals but has been shifted to the land as some people would like to build golf courses in the national parks.With the discovery of oil most environmentalists have charged that oil drilling activities in the Murchison Falls National Park will endanger the environment and park in the long run.
In a nut shell the death of the antelope was a sign that all is not well back at the farm and animals in the Murchison Falls National Park need a refugee.

AN ANTELOPE DIED IN BUSITEMA LAST MONTH



AN ANTELOPE CAME 460 KM FROM MURCHISON FALLS AND DIED IN BUSITEMA

Last month a rear incidence happened to some Ugandans that were heading to Tororo, when their car hit and killed an antelope that speed into the road at a corner near Busitema forest.
 Antelopes
I term this rear because Busitema is occupied mostly by baboons as witnessed by tourists that have had a safari to Uganda in this place, making an antelops encounter as rare as seeing a wild ostrich crossing a road in such a wildlife territory.
What came to the minds of those that had hit it, was what this animal was running away from? Could it be that it was being chased by a leopard! It would definitely turn to them as they were stranded by the roadside.
However the big question is where was this antelope coming from?could it be that it was being transported by Uganda Wildlife Authority and it escaped from the truck but honestly its most likely that it came from Murchison National Park!
 Antelopes
There is a distance of 460 kilometers between Murchison falls National Park and the spot where this antelope fatefully got killed as it‘s the only place that touches a corridor that would lead it to Busitema.it might have left the park in a group, traveling along the bushy banks of lake Kyoga having water to drink moving through Busoga which lead it here.
This story indicates how severe the pressure on the wildlife natural habitat is.  Antelopes
The Ugandan figures in this regard don’t look good as up to 50% of Uganda’s forest cover has been lost since 1970 and it is estimated that the country will run out of fuel wood by 2025 yet 95%of the total population fully depend, partially or occasionally on charcoal stoves.If this goes on like this wild animals will have no place to hide in Uganda.The Institute of Zoology also explains the catastrophic loss of some species such as the crowned or crested cranes by 60% since 1970,a third of the fish species in Lake Victoria and 90% of the once famous Kampala bats have too disappeared.The institute also notes the notable increase of the Marabou stocks in most Kampala City currently a common bird species viewed by birders on the famous Uganda safari-the Kampala tour.
Fortunately to sustain Uganda safaris, the Museveni government has reduced on the extreme poaching in Murchison National Park that occurred during Idi Amin’s rule in 1970 as well as Obote II Government.The main interest these days is no longer on animals but has been shifted to the land as some people would like to build golf courses in the national parks.With the discovery of oil most environmentalists have charged that oil drilling activities in the Murchison Falls National Park will endanger the environment and park in the long run.
In a nut shell the death of the antelope was a sign that all is not well back at the farm and animals in the Murchison Falls National Park need a refugee.

Friday, 9 November 2012

BAGANDA`S TRADITIONAL DANCES


THE BAGANDA DANCES

Baganda people (tribe) of Buganda region, a dominant Bantu speaking ethnic group concentrated in central Uganda.The Baganda are made up of different clans with distinct totems that classify Baganda into different groups but with the same social cultures.
Baganda`s bakisimba dances
Travellers that have had a safari or a tour to Uganda have been mesmerized by music of the people of Buganda region. The Baganda boast of a variety of dances originating from individual clans based on different themes such as; economic and social activities, politics, education, love and their history depending on the audience for whom the performance is made.
The baganda, like other tribes use music to praise and worship God or gods as well as people of authority, to celebrate their life cycle-rituals and rites, celebrate labor or work achievements such as a good harvest,to educate the population,to earn a leaving( as employment) ,as a form of recreation,as well as a cultural means of disseminating cultural values from generation to generation.
Baganda`s muwogla dance
Baganda have three predominant dances; Bakisimba, Muwogola and Nankasa all inspired by their daily life.All kiganda dances involve a flawless `circular’ movement of the waist and a tip toeing movement of the feet plus hands spread out from the shoulder joint but bent forward or up words at the elbow joint depending on the type of dance. The dance moves or patterns are dictated by the lyrics or song meaning but mostly by the tempo of the song.
If one took a Uganda safari,they would definitely love the traditional Baganda dance`s costumes that are universally used for all their dances.The female dancers put on tops that cove their shoulders,cover the midriff with a white or cream silk material that accentuates the body undulations, a wide floor-length kikoyi that allows free leg movements to all directions,a raffia skirt around the back plus a sash around the waist line that gives a clear finish to the raffia skirt.At the backside, a dance animal skin is added on top of the raffia skirt and sash and ankle bells are worn too.Modern dancers today add decorative bracelets and head bands to this costume.
Male dancers wear the kikoyi too that covers only to the mid calf to allow their rather vigorous dance moves and the public acceptability to have much of their bodies bare.
Baganda traditional dances
The Baganda have a variety of dance instruments but majorly drums of different sizes; the Empunyi (rhythm drums for the central beat), Namunjoloba (a small drum beaten by two small sticks to produce the rhytmic sound that controls all dance motifs or flows), the Embuutu (a large drum for the various dance rhytms), Engalabi (a long cylindrical drum that adds colour and texture to accompaniment), Amadinda (a xylophone to give the music melodies), Endigidi (a tube fiddle for melody),
Entongoli (bow lyre for melody), Engombe (a cow horn that adds excitement at the climax), Endere (flute), Ensaasi (shakers made out of a guoards) plus singers- soloist and choristers.The xylophone determine the tempo or pace of the music or song and the drums follow suit.
The baganda have `Amagunju ‘a royal dance whose origin and essence has attachment to;
Baganda`s Amagunju dance
 i. A ritual dance formulated to entertain the newly enthroned King (Kabaka) and prevent him from crying as he presided over the Lukiiko (parliament)
ii. The dance having been created by the uncle to the king -Gunju from the Obutiko (Mushroom) clan hence the name of the dance.
iii. The dance having been danced by only by the people of the Mushroom clan.
iv. The fact that Uncle Gunju designed a royal seat that placed the kabaka above every body else –Namulondo which has been in existence for over 200 years up to date. It is a symbol of authority of the Kabaka (King) as he is the only to sit in it.
Dancers use the same instruments and costumes, as male dancers take energetic high side by side kicks staggering as if they are drunk, all to entertain the king.Songs to this dance all relate to the Mushroom clan.The male dancers dominate the Amagunju dance as they make their side by side- kicks said to have also been used t pave way for the Kabaka as he moved to the parliament.The female dancers are how ever graceful and gentle making sedate and low body movements,the lower body movements are same as those of the Bakisimba dance but they change their dance motifs according the songs of the dance.
In the `nalintema’ song for example, dancers imitate swinging a sickle to clear the garden for planting well as in another song, they bend over double to pick mushrooms.Now days, this dance takes place at the royal courts, danced by all people unlike before when it was danced by only those of the Mushroom clan at different celebrations.This dance is still danced for the Kabaka when he leaves his palace and a Uganda tour to the Kabaka`s (King`s) palace will provide a great opportunity for one to see these performances live.