Standing as the World’s largest intact, inactive and unfilled volcanic caldera, the Ngorongoro Crater is one of the magical natural wonders explored on East Africa Safari tours.
Ngorongoro Crater is noted to have been formed following the explosion
and collapse of a huge volcano about two (2) – three (3) million years
ago. The crater rises to 610m in depth while the height estimates of
the original volcano are between 4500 – 5800m. The Crater floor is
recorded to stretch to 1,800m above sea level in elevation. This amazing
natural feature was at one time voted among the Seven Natural Wonders
on the Continent of Africa making is a must visit destination by
travelers planning Africa Safaris to Tanzania.
Crater floor features very beautiful extensive grassland along with
bush land that supports a myriad of wild game. It is estimated that
about 25,000 large animals especially ungulates thrive in the Crater
including the Black Rhinos, African Buffalo, Hippos, Common Eland,
Grant’s Zebra, Blue wildebeest among others which makes it a popular
game drive destination for travelers on Tanzania Safari tour. Actually Ngorongoro Crater features one of the dense concentrations of Maasai lions.
highlands to the east of the crater feature high rainfall concentration
between 800 – 1200mm and are marked with montane forest while the low
lying areas of the west feature between 400 – 600mm marked with
grassland and bushland. The Olmoti Crater in the north is drained by
Munge Stream and it forms the main water source that drains into the
seasonal Lake Makat / Magadi at the center of the crater. Another
important water source in the Ngorongoro Crater is Ngoitokitok Spring.
Exploring Ngorongoro Crater can be done as part of the wider Tanzania wildlife tour circuit that covers Manyara, Serengeti and Tarangire National Parks.