Scientifically referred to as Psittacus erithacus, the African grey parrot is a notable Old World parrot belonging to the family Psittacidae and thrives in the equatorial Africa including Uganda where it is explored on Uganda birding safaris and tours.
Grey Parrot possesses a medium size and majorly grey colour with black
bill stretching to 400g in size and 33cm in length with the mean
wingspan of 46 – 52cm. The Congo Subspecies feature lighter grey plumage
but with dark grey on the wings and over the head while the feathers of
the tail are red in colour as often viewed on birding safari in Uganda. The Timneh Subspecies feature dark gray plumage with dark maroon colored tail and the pink colored portion on their beak.
The African Grey Parrots is spread in range from the East African Safari tour
destination of Kenya to east of Ivory Coast. They thrive in dense
forests, forest edges and in open vegetation such as savannah and
gallery forests. They are noted to live 40 – 60 years in captivity but
their lifespan in the wilderness can be less than 23 years.
breeding, the African grey parrots are notable monogamous breeders that
construct their nests in the tree cavities and each couple occupies its
own tree. The female parrot (hen) lays three (3) to five (5) eggs and
the incubation period lasts 30 days as the male provides food. The
caring of the chick is done by both partners until they are ready to go
on their own.
The African grey parrot feed on nuts, fruit along
with seeds but they also consume snails and insects as at times explored
while on Uganda tours.
predators of the African grey parrots include palm nut vultures along
with a range of raptors. Humans are also a big threat as they attempt to
keep them as pets. They are listed as vulnerable under the red list of
the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).