Scientifically referred to as Crocodylus niloticus, the Nile crocodiles are one of the popular aquatic species that are always sought after by travellers on Uganda Safaris and Tours.
Nile crocodile is noted to be the world’s second largest reptile coming
in after the salt water crocodile and is spread across the areas of Sub
Saharan Africa including Uganda where it is explored during Africa holiday safaris in Uganda.
It thrives in various environments including; Rivers, lakes and
marshlands and though it can thrive in saline ecosystems, the Nile
crocodiles are seldom live in salt water.
Nile Crocodiles are
notably gigantic and a mature male can stretch between 3.5 – 5m in
length, 225 to 750kg in weight though specimens with length and weight
higher than that given above have also been encountered. They feature
sexual dimorphism and the female Nile crocodiles tend to be 30% smaller
than the males.
These species are the most aggressive of all
crocodile species and as a result, it has the capacity to capture any
animal that is within its reach. The Nile crocodile is an Apex predator
which gives it an advantage over most of the animals. They consume a
range of prey including fish, birds and reptiles along with mammals. It
is an ambush predator which waits for considerable hours, days and it
can be weeks while anticipating for the perfect time to launch an
attack. They use their most powerful bite which is rare in other animals
where it inserts sharp conical teeth into the fresh providing for a
firm grip that can hardly get loose. Nile crocodiles possess
considerable levels of force for a prolonged time period which gives
them an advantage in pulling the large prey to drown underwater. Such
magical experiences are life time wonders if explored while on boat
cruise along the Kazinga Channel in Queen Elizabeth National Park or
River Nile in Murchison Falls National Park during your Uganda tour holiday.
crocodiles are social creatures and can share large food sources and
basking spots. Their hierarchy is determined by size where the old large
males are at the top of it with primary access to best basking spots
and food. The rest of the members know their positions in the hierarchy
and tend to follow it and failure to do so results into bloody clashes.
like other reptiles, the Nile Crocodiles lay eggs which are protected
by the female and though the hatchlings receive protection from parents,
they feed themselves. The sexual maturity is attained at the age of 12 –
16 years and eggs are laid after one (1) or two (2) months following
Regarding conservation, the Nile Crocodile are facing a
serious human wildlife conflict because of their furious attacks on
humans. However, they are not endangered and are listed as species of
least concern on the red list of International Union for Conservation of
Travellers planning wildlife safaris to Uganda
with interest in Nile crocodiles can visit Murchison Falls National
Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake Mburo National Park.