The Spotted Hyena also referred to as Crocuta crocuta is among the wildlife attractions that tend to attract the attention of the travelers on wildlife safaris in Uganda. The spotted hyena is known to be the last surviving member of genus Crocuta the laughing hyena existing in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa of which Uganda is among.
Belonging to the Animalia Kingdom, Chordata
Phylum, Mammalia Class, Carnivora Order, Hyaeninae Family, Crocuta Genus
and the Crocuta crocuta Species, the Spotted Hyenas is listed on the
red list of International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as the
least Concern considering its range of population that stretch from
27,000 and 47,000 individuals. However, these counts are reducing in the
areas out of the protected areas as a result of hunting and the habitat
The Spotted Hyenas are believed to have originated from the
dense populated sections of Europe and Asia over 1 million years past
towards the dusk of the Late Pleistocene. They are noted to be the
biggest family of the Hyaenidae and they are differentiated from others
by a bear-like build, less prominent mane, rounded ears, spotted pelt,
dual purpose dentition, and fewer nipples along with pseudo-penis among
the females as explored on Uganda safaris. The Hyenas are magical species and feature amazing facts like the absence of an external female vaginal opening.
The Spotted Hyenas feature a considerable social character and as a
result they gather bigger group sizes than other carnivores and in fact,
their character resembles that of the cercopithecine primates like the
baboons that mesmerizes the travelers on Uganda tour.
Interestingly, the larger group of Hyenas does not bring along cohesion
but intense competition for feeding and mating opportunities. The males
would always struggle for dominance while the female are charged with
taking care of the young ones as males do not care about them.
Spotted Hyenas are noted to be among the successful animals considering
their myriad numbers in the Sub Sahara of Africa if compared with other
Carnivores and this is at times attributed to the Hyena adaptability and
opportunistic endeavors. These Species have the capacity to undertake
the prey hunting and also do scavenging on the prey of other predators
along with the capacity to eat and digest the bone, the animal matter
and the skin. This makes the Spotted Hyena the only Carnivore that
greatly utilizes the animal matter.
The Spotted Hyena stretch 95 –
165.8cm in length and 70 – 91.5cm on shoulder height thus becoming the
largest thriving member of the Hyaenidae and their fur of the Spotted
Hyena varies with age and it features spots and is considerably shorter
with no defined mane.
Regarding the genitals, the male hyena
features a rightful mammalian genital but the female genital is like
that of a male with the clitoris positioned and shaped like the penis
and in position to erect. There is no external vagina since the labia is
fused forming a pseudo-scrotum. The central urogenital canal traverses
the pseudo-penis through which the female copulates, urinates along with
giving birth. It is such amazing wonder to explore this within your
moments with the spotted hyenas on tours in Uganda
In Uganda, the Spotted Hyenas are spread in the range of savannah areas
of Kidepo Valley National Park, the Murchison Falls National Park,
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake Mburo National Park where the
travelers on safari in Uganda explore them from.