Sunday, 4 October 2015

A moment with the spotted hyena in Uganda

spotted hynnaThe Spotted Hyena also referred to as Crocuta crocuta is among the wildlife attractions that tend to attract the attention of the travelers on wildlife safaris in Uganda. The spotted hyena is known to be the last surviving member of genus Crocuta the laughing hyena existing in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa of which Uganda is among.
Belonging to the Animalia Kingdom, Chordata Phylum, Mammalia Class, Carnivora Order, Hyaeninae Family, Crocuta Genus and the Crocuta crocuta Species, the Spotted Hyenas is listed on the red list of International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as the least Concern considering its range of population that stretch from 27,000 and 47,000 individuals. However, these counts are reducing in the areas out of the protected areas as a result of hunting and the habitat loss.
The Spotted Hyenas are believed to have originated from the dense populated sections of Europe and Asia over 1 million years past towards the dusk of the Late Pleistocene. They are noted to be the biggest family of the Hyaenidae and they are differentiated from others by a bear-like build, less prominent mane, rounded ears, spotted pelt, dual purpose dentition, and fewer nipples along with pseudo-penis among the females as explored on Uganda safaris. The Hyenas are magical species and feature amazing facts like the absence of an external female vaginal opening.
The Spotted Hyenas feature a considerable social character and as a result they gather bigger group sizes than other carnivores and in fact, their character resembles that of the cercopithecine primates like the baboons that mesmerizes the travelers on Uganda tour. Interestingly, the larger group of Hyenas does not bring along cohesion but intense competition for feeding and mating opportunities. The males would always struggle for dominance while the female are charged with taking care of the young ones as males do not care about them.
The Spotted Hyenas are noted to be among the successful animals considering their myriad numbers in the Sub Sahara of Africa if compared with other Carnivores and this is at times attributed to the Hyena adaptability and opportunistic endeavors. These Species have the capacity to undertake the prey hunting and also do scavenging on the prey of other predators along with the capacity to eat and digest the bone, the animal matter and the skin. This makes the Spotted Hyena the only Carnivore that greatly utilizes the animal matter.
The Spotted Hyena stretch 95 – 165.8cm in length and 70 – 91.5cm on shoulder height thus becoming the largest thriving member of the Hyaenidae and their fur of the Spotted Hyena varies with age and it features spots and is considerably shorter with no defined mane.
Regarding the genitals, the male hyena features a rightful mammalian genital but the female genital is like that of a male with the clitoris positioned and shaped like the penis and in position to erect. There is no external vagina since the labia is fused forming a pseudo-scrotum. The central urogenital canal traverses the pseudo-penis through which the female copulates, urinates along with giving birth. It is such amazing wonder to explore this within your moments with the spotted hyenas on tours in Uganda
In Uganda, the Spotted Hyenas are spread in the range of savannah areas of Kidepo Valley National Park, the Murchison Falls National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake Mburo National Park where the travelers on safari in Uganda explore them from.

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